Members of the home

Colonie d'Izieu, été 1943. De gauche à droite. Au dernier plan : Théo Reis, Paulette Pallarés, Arnold Hirsch, Marcelle Ajzenberg, une jeune fille non identifiée, Barouk-Raoul Bentitou ; au centre : Marcel Mermelstein, Paula Mermelstein, Sigmund Springer, Joseph Goldberg, Nina Aronowicz, un enfant non identifié. Les enfants assis au premier plan ne sont pas identifiés avec certitude : à gauche Sami Adelsheimer, puis Renate et Liane Krochmal.
(© Maison d'Izieu / Coll. Philippe Dehan)
Colonie d'Izieu, été 1943. De gauche à droite. Au dernier plan : Théo Reis, Paulette Pallarés, Arnold Hirsch, Marcelle Ajzenberg, une jeune fille non identifiée, Barouk-Raoul Bentitou ; au centre : Marcel Mermelstein, Paula Mermelstein, Sigmund Springer, Joseph Goldberg, Nina Aronowicz, un enfant non identifié. Les enfants assis au premier plan ne sont pas identifiés avec certitude : à gauche Sami Adelsheimer, puis Renate et Liane Krochmal. (© Maison d'Izieu / Coll. Philippe Dehan)

Living place

Members of the home

 

The children

 

Each month, Miron Zlatin updated the lists of children staying at the home to justify the sums transferred for each child’s upkeep by the “Organisation de Secours à l’Enfance – Union Générale des Israélites de France” (OSE-UGIF) [French humanitarian organisation for Jewish children – French Israelite general organisation].
The first list dates from May 1943 and records the arrival of 9 Jewish refugee children from the Hérault Department. They were joined by five other children on 28th May.
New children arrived, while others departed. In September 1943, up to 64 children lived in the house at the same time.

 

Up to the final list in Miron Zlatin’s register, 105 children were recorded as having lived at the Izieu home. Some stayed just a few weeks, while others remained several months. For them, the house was a stopover before joining their family who had found safety or before finding refuge in Switzerland or being directed to other children’s homes or host families.

 

The children saw the house in a very different light, depending on the circumstances of their arrival at the home and their age.
Alec Bergman (13 years), who arrived in the summer with two friends, Marcel and Coco Bulka, saw it simply as a holiday camp. Samuel Pintel (6 years), who had recently been brutally separated from his mother during a raid, felt lonely there, thinking he was the only Jewish child.
A few non-Jewish children were received at the home for social reasons or simply for their holidays in the summer of 1943.

Colonie d'Izieu, été 1943. De gauche à droite. À l'arrière plan : Marcelle Ajzenberg, Sarah Suzanne Levan-Reifman ; au premier plan : Berthe Mehring, Miron Zlatin. (© Maison d'Izieu / Coll. Juliette Collomb)
Colonie d'Izieu, été 1943. De gauche à droite. À l'arrière plan : Marcelle Ajzenberg, Sarah Suzanne Levan-Reifman ; au premier plan : Berthe Mehring, Miron Zlatin. (© Maison d'Izieu / Coll. Juliette Collomb)

The adults

 

Miron Zlatin organised and managed the home on a daily basis.
Sabine Zlatin was in charge of external contacts. She travelled between Izieu and Montpellier, where she continued her social work aid activities with a number of families.

The Zlatins were supported by a group of Jewish and non-Jewish adults to supervise the children.

 

Among the adults present every day:
Léa Feldblum, Lucie Feiger, Mina Friedler with her 5 year old daughter Lucienne. From September 1943 onwards, Doctor Suzanne Reifman with her son Claude and her parents Eva and Moïse, replaced her brother Léon Reifman, a medical student and former supervisor at Palavas-les-Flots. Léon had helped to set up the home, but he was obliged to leave Izieu because he was sought by the “Service du Travail Obligatoire” [French forced labour authority]. However, he returned for the Easter holidays on the 6th April 1944, the day of the raid on the home.

 

A number of helpers or members of the “Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants” (OSE) lent support and worked at the home for several months. These included:
Cook Philippe Dehan and his mother; Marcelle Ajzenberg; Rachel and Serge Pludermacher.

 

Friends of Sabine Zlatin also provided assistance:
Berthe Mehring, Emma Blanc and, during the summer of 1943, Paulette and Renée Pallarés, Sabine Zlatin’s young neighbours in Montpellier (17 and 19 years).