Archives and accounts
Research into the history of the Izieu home is ongoing. The Maison d’Izieu continues to investigate everyday activities at the home and how it was set up, in addition to retracing the lives of each of the 105 children who stayed there.
This research is based on the archives belonging to the Maison d’Izieu and other collections in France and Europe.
The Maison d’Izieu maintains links with the “former Izieu children” and all those, adults or children, involved with the home between 1943 and 1944. The links with these individuals are central to the Memorial’s research and transmission activities.
Their testimony and archives represent a precious source of documentation for the work done at the Maison d’Izieu on a daily basis.
Some of these former Izieu children come regularly to meet visiting schoolchildren.
Maison d’Izieu archives
The first archival collection from the Maison d’Izieu was transferred to the “Bibliothèque nationale de France” [French National Library] by Sabine Zlatin in 1994, before the Maison d’Izieu opened.
This collection, kept in the stamp and photographic department, consists of part of the documents she had kept since her return to the home a few weeks after the raid on 6th April 1944: children’s letters and drawings, photos of daily life at the home and its inhabitants, documents and letters concerning the creation and organisation of the Izieu home as well as the initiatives after the war to commemorate the children and adults deported and assassinated.
The “Bibliothèque national de France” published an inventory of these documents in 1994.
In addition to this collection, the Maison d’Izieu archives include:
- Documents and photographs from Sabine Zlatin’s estate, transferred to the Maison d’Izieu after her death in 1996,
- Photographs donated by those who stayed at the home or were linked to it between 1943 and 1944: Henry Alexander, Alec Bergman, Juliette Collomb, Philippe Dehan, Guy Pallarés, Paulette Pallarés-Roche, Paul Niedermann, Marie Perticoz, Roger Perticoz, Samuel Pintel and Suzanne Reveillard.
The Maison d’Izieu has identified the sources for these photographs and created an inventory.
None of them belong to photographic agencies.
Protégés et inventoriés par l’équipe du mémorial, ces documents sont actuellement conservés à la Maison d’Izieu. Ils rejoindront le fonds déposé à la BnF.
Inventoried and maintained by the Memorial team, these documents are currently kept at the Maison d’Izieu. They will be added to the collection kept at the “Bibliothèque nationale de France” [French national library].
The Maison d’Izieu also has archives related to the Barbie trial.
Alain Jakubowicz, who represented the plaintiffs, donated all the written materials used to prepare this case to the Memorial.
In June 2002, the Maison d’Izieu obtained 15 testimonials, from:
- Alfred Adler, Edmond Adler, Henry Alexander, Diane Fenster (Popowski), Georges Hirtz, Yehudit Hoelzel, Henri Kaufmann, Paul Niedermann, Samuel Pintel, Claude Raiz, Bernard Waysenson and Hélène Waysenson, who stayed at the home as children and left before the raid on 6th April 1944.
- Alexandre Halaunbrenner, brother of Mina and Claudine, who were arrested on 6th April 1944.
- Renée Pallarés, chaperone during the summer of 1943.
- Gabrielle Tardy (maiden name Perrier), teacher at the home starting in October 1943.
Semi-directive interviews evoking the lives of these witnesses before, during and after their time at the Izieu home were conducted by the following historians and university professors: Pierre-Jérôme Biscarat, Nadine Fresco, Michèle Ganem-Gumpel and Katy Hazan.
These interviews were filmed and transcribed. They are kept at the Maison d’Izieu Documentation Centre.
Other archival collections
Several archival collections in France and abroad contain documents pertaining to the lives of the Izieu children and their families as well as the home itself.
The main collections in France include:
- Departmental Archives of Ain and Pyrénées-Orientales
- Archives of the French Shoah Memorial, Centre for Contemporary Jewish Documentation
- Archives of the Historical Department of the French Ministry of Defence
- Archives of the OSE [French humanitarian organisation for Jewish children]
- Archives of the ORT [“Organisation Reconstruction Travail”, Jewish charity organisation]
- Archives of the Cimade (aid organisation for migrants and refugees)
- Archives of Serge Klarsfeld
- French national archives
and foreign archives:
- State Archives in Geneva (Switzerland)
- Archives of the Belgian Interior Federal Department, Office of Foreigners (Belgium)
- Federal Archives in Berne (Switzerland)
- Municipal Archives of Karlsruhe (Germany)
- Collections of the Imperial War Museum (Great Britain)
If you know of other archives or private collections of documents concerning the Izieu home or the children and adults who stayed there, please let us know by contacting our documentalist:
Tel. : +33 (0)4 79 87 21 05